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Press Centre (10/2014)
Innocenti Report Card 12 "Children of the Recession: The impact of the economic crisis on child well-being in rich countries
Ankara, 28 October - “Children of the Recession: The impact of the economic crisis on child well-being in rich countries”, UNICEF Innocenti Report Card 12, launched today, reveals a strong and multifaceted correlation between the impact of the Great Recession on national economies and a decline in children’s well-being since 2008. Children are suffering most, and will bear the consequences longest, in countries where the recession has hit hardest.
The income poverty of children has increased since 2008 economic and financial crisis, with wide variations among countries but leaving 76.5 million children live in poverty in the 41 most affluent countries. Turkey was among the countries where policies played an important role in not allowing more children to fall into poverty during the time of the crisis; however, 2012 figures show that one in three children still live in poverty and one in four young people are not in education, employment or training.
The report highlights that in 23 of the 41 EU and OECD countries, the income poverty of children has increased since 2008, whereas the figures either remained stable or decreased in the rest.
Turkey was among the countries where policies played an important role in not allowing more children to fall into poverty during the time of the crisis. A decrease of 2.76% was observed in child poverty rates in Turkey between 2008 and 2012 although figures still suggest that 30.2% children live under poverty in Turkey. Moreover, rates for young people not in education, employment or training highlights that Turkey was showed a remarkable decrease of 11.5%, despite the fact that the figures are still the second highest among 41 EU and OECD countries with 25.5%, following Israel with 30.7%.
UNICEF suggests that comparative data demonstrate that child well-being is shaped by policies. Using this means of international comparison it is possible to show and prove that the problems we are looking at are not inevitable but policy susceptible – and that some countries are clearly doing much better than others.
Turkey can share its experiences in designing policies to protect children and young people from the negative effects of the crisis, but there are still many things to learn and adapt from other countries to introduce new policies that will target children living in poverty and young people not in education, employment and training in order to provide better living conditions not only in the times of crisis but as a regular government policy in a sustainable and continuous manner.
A briefing note and full report can be found in www.unicef.org.tr
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Innocenti Report Card, Children of the recession: The impact of the economic crisis on child well-being in rich countries September 2014.pdf
Briefing Note for 12th Innocenti Report Card.pdf